is the pressure that a person exerts on another person by means of intimidating him, and compels him to implement what he is required to do, for example concluding a contract.
It is required for coercion to be one of Vices of Consent:
- To be issued by one of the contractors against the other
- That it be for an unlawful purpose or by an unlawful means, as if threatening to kill or kidnap him or any of his family members if the contract was not concluded.
- If coercion is proven, the contract is voidable.
And assessing whether the dread caused by coercion caused the coerced person to contract is one of the substantive issues that is subject to the judgment of the trial judge.