The effects of the ruling on the death of the missing: There are effects on the wife, and effects on the inheritance as well:
First: The effects of the ruling on the death of the missing person on the wife:
In Islamic jurisprudence: If the judgment is passed on the death of the missing person, his wife must spend the Widowed Waiting Period and it is four months and ten days, and if she is pregnant, her Widowed Waiting Period ends at birth, then she can marry after that.
But if the missing person came back alive after the ruling on the loss, that judgment was annulled, whether his wife was on the Widowed Waiting Period or if her Widowed Waiting Period had passed.
What is the ruling if a woman marries after the ruling with the loss of the first husband, then the latter returns?
1- If her marriage is valid and the second husband marries her, then she will remain under his responsibility and not return to the first. But if the second husband has not yet married her, then she returns to the first.
2- If she gets married and her marriage is invalid (as if she gets married while she is in the Widowed Waiting Period or her second husband knows about the life of her first husband and nevertheless he married her): She returns to the first because of the invalidity of her second marriage contract and this is the view of the majority of jurists.
As for the Syrian Personal Status Law, the provision of that did not stipulate, and this is why the text of Article 305 should be applied by reference to the Hanafi school.
Second – the effects of the judgment on the death of the missing person on the inheritance
If the judgment is passed on the death of the missing person, he is considered dead and his inheritance is divided among his heirs who were present at the death ruling. As for those who died before that, he or she does not inherit.